What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, which is very common, occurs when your blood pressure rises to unhealthy levels. Narrow arteries increase resistance, meaning that the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. In the long run, increased stress can cause health problems, including heart disease.

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High blood pressure usually develops over several years. You usually do not see any symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressure can damage your arteries and organs, especially your brain, heart, eyes and kidneys.

Early detection is important. Regular blood pressure monitoring can help you and your doctor notice any changes. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor may have to check your blood pressure for a few weeks to see if it stays high or normal.

Treatment for high blood pressure includes both prescription drugs and lifestyle changes, such as healthy exercise. If left untreated, it can lead to health problems, including heart attack and stroke.

What causes high blood pressure?

There are two types of blood pressure. Each type has a different cause.

Primary blood pressure

Primary hypertension is also called primary hypertension. This type of high blood pressure develops over time and no cause can be identified. Most people have this type of blood pressure.

Researchers have not yet figured out what causes blood pressure to rise slowly. A combination of factors may be involved. These factors include:

Genetics: Some people are genetically predisposed to high blood pressure. This may be due to genetic mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.

Physical changes: If something changes in your body, you may have problems all over your body. High blood pressure may be one of these. it is thought that changes in your kidney function due to aging can upset the natural balance of salt and  aslo body fluids. This change may increase your blood pressure.

Environment: Over time, unhealthy lifestyle choices such as lack of physical activity and poor diet can do a lot of damage to your body. Choosing a lifestyle can lead to weight problems. Overweight or obesity can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Secondary blood pressure

Secondary hypertension often occurs rapidly and also  can be more severe than primary hypertension. Several diseases that can cause secondary hypertension include:

kidney disease

Obstruction of the airway during sleep

Congenital heart defect

Thyroid problems

Side effects of medications

Use of illegal drugs

alcohol consumption

Adrenal gland problems